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Example of using our Citrates

General information

Citrates are the esters, salts and anion of citric acid. In biochemistry, one speaks of citrates when the dissociated ionic form of citric acid occurring in the aqueous environment of a cell is meant.

Citrates are of great importance as chelators to supply living beings with various metal ions.

Areas of application

Citrates are used in the food industry, biochemistry and pharmacy.

Citrates are of great importance as chelators to supply living beings with various metal ions.

In biochemistry, citrates are used in the form of citrate buffers and phosphate-citrate buffers to store blood as citrated blood in order to prevent blood clotting. while avoiding blood clotting. are mainly used in biochemistry.

In pharmacy, citrates are used as approved pharmaceutical excipients for intravenous injection solutions.

An important citrate in the food industry is sodium citrate. As a food additive (E 331) it is used e.g. as melting salt for the preparation of processed cheese. It is also often used for gelling processes with pectin (marmalades, jams) and as an acid regulator or acid generator. Sodium citrate is found in foods such as: Sodium citrate is found in foods such as:

  • Jam, marmalade, jelly
  • Cheese
  • Canned fruit and vegetables
  • Confectionery, desserts
  • Fruit and Canned vegetables
  • Meat products
  • Sliced, packaged fruit, vegetables

In addition, E 331 is used in substances such as dishwasher granules and in the cosmetics and pharmaceuticals industries.

Use of sodium citrate as a food additive E 331 in jams

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Products by MCAS

Discover our Citrates


Trisodium citrate
    • Formula: C6H9NaO7
    • Molecular mass: 216.12 g/mol
    • CAS-No.: 68-04-2
    • EINECS-No.: 200-675-3
    • RID / ADR: N/A
    • WGK: N/A
      • Hazard statements: N/A
      • Precautionary statements: N/A
    Trisodium citrate, Food grade
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    Advice by MCAS

    Use our advise for Citrates

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